REM Glossary article

Distance E-Voting (DEV)

Protest on 25 September 2021 in Moscow against the recognition of the legitimacy of the DEV voting process (Wikipedia)

Distance E-voting in Russia (abbreviated in English as DEV) is a type of online voting on the territory (or in certain federal entities) of the Russian Federation using special Internet resources - without the voter's presence ("distance") and without the use of a paper ballot ("e-voting").

It may be called Remote E-voting and is usually abbreviated as DEG in Russian.

In 2021, the use of electronic voting in the elections to the VIII State Duma was the most criticised, with electoral researchers noting a number of irregularities and possible falsifications[1][2][3]. Dissent with the results of the electronic voting prompted mass protests.

Political scientist Vladimir Gelman stated in 2022 that "back in the 2021 Duma elections, an electronic voting system was tried out, which showed that any results could be obtained regardless of voter preference. Now a law has been passed that extends this mechanism to all elections, and I have no doubt that it will be widely used. This is the kind of black box from which you can simply extract the desired result without having to face the protests of observers and journalists or work with voters to get them to come to the polling station and vote properly. Now the voters are rendered redundant in this mechanism."[4]


1. The adventures of the electronic. Is it true that online voting has played into the hands of the authorities not only in Moscow? Analysis by Dmitry Oreshkin and Alexander Kondiain, Novaya Gazeta, 29.09.2021.

2. For a week now, there has been a fierce debate about e-voting in Russia. Here are the top five questions about this system that the authorities have not yet answered, Meduza, 28.09.2021.

3. Inexplicable growth. What's wrong with e-voting,, 28.09.2021.

4. Putin's speech about "purging society" of traitors looks like totalitarianism has begun in Russia, Meduza, 17.03.2022.


Read more

Electronic Voting: Risks and Vulnerabilities, The investigation was carried out by a team of experts headed by Roman Yuneman, 13.12.2019

Falsification of electronic voting, The Anti-Сorruption Foundation, 21.06.2022

‘The Art of the Steal?': Russia’s online voting problem, Alex Hardy at, 29.09.2022


Based on the article in Wikipedia (rus.) and others.

Last update on 2023-11-30 by Content manager.

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